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Build


Fifth Inktober entry (and I'mack on track).This is me and my brother building evil war machines in LEGO. Back then LEGO was void of war, while today it is all ninja and Starwars franchice. We would have loved to have katanas and gun barrels, but on the other hand... we learned to make our own weapons of mass destruction.

#Inktober, #Inktober19 #mywork #LEGO #weapons #war #playing #creativity #time
 
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Is it Time? (Is it Art?)


Well, it's featured at the Whitney Museum of American Art, so it must be. Plus or minus a minute.

Is it monochrome? Yes, this image is (Acros-r, Fuji-X).
But I do also have similar and identical shots - in living color.
The difference (which I like, but not for a monochrome event) is exactly one detail:
The sweeping second hand is red. All else is b&w.

#monochromemonday #minimalistmonday #time #clock #art #monochrome #blackandwhite #myphoto #time #whitney
 
@Jakobu
I have no problem with your links @ivan zlax - I'll have to look at it later though
Congratulations. You could make it next time right here:
Image/Photoivan zlax wrote the following post Tue, 18 Jun 2019 01:15:39 +0300

In the metric books of the north of the Volgograd region 225 years ago, the Christian year was recorded without a millennium. For example, in documents relating to 1796cc, the year was written as "796".
В метрических книгах севера Волгоградской области ещё 225 лет назад христианский год записывался без тысячелетия. Например, в документах относящихся к 1796ох, год писался как "796":


(from the metric book of the Astrakhan Diocese, Saratov viceroyalty, Kamyshinsky district/из метрической книги Астраханской Епархии, Саратовского наместничества, Камышинского округа)

Two years later, an additional millennium appeared in the dates of the documents, here is a document from the same archive, here already "1798".
Уже через два года, в датировках документов появилось дополнительное тысячелетие, вот документ из того же архива, здесь уже "1798":


(from the metric book of the Astrakhan Diocese, Saratov Governorate, Kamyshino County/из метрической книги Астраханской Епархии, Саратовской губернии, Камышинского уезда)

It seems that the additional thousand years appeared simultaneously with the transformation of this viceroyalty into governorate.
According to the official history, the transformation of viceroyalties into governorates took place by decree of Pavel Romanov, Earl of Oldenburg, Duke of Holstein-Gotorp, Grand Master of the Order of Malta (Knights Hospitalier). His reign lasted four years, ending with his assassination by conspirators.

Похоже, что дополнительная тысяча лет появилась одновременно с преобразованием наместничества в губернию.
Согласно официальной истории, преобразование наместничеств в губернии произошло по указу Павла Романова, графа Ольденбургского, герцога Гольштейн-Готорпского, великого магистра Мальтийского ордена (рыцари Госпитальеры). Его правление длилось четыре года и закончилось убийством заговорщиками.

#calendar #chronology #documents #germany #holsteingottorp #memory #metaprogramming #oldenburg #past #property #revision #russia #saratov #smom #time
Image/Photoivan zlax wrote the following post Wed, 19 Jun 2019 01:32:25 +0300

In the metric books (orthodox version of parish register) of the Ulyanovsk region 235 years ago, the church year was recorded without a millennium. In the documents relating to 1783cc, the year was written as "783", but the next year the documents were signed as "1784".
В метрических книгах Ульяновской области 235 лет назад церковный год записывался без тысячелетия. В документах относящихся к 1783ох, год писался как "783", но в следующий год документы подписывались как "1784".


(Ascension Church, Urensko-Karlinskaya Sloboda, Simbirsk viceroyalty / Вознесенская церковь, Уренско-Карлинская Слобода, Симбирский заказ)

Other documents of this church with the dates without millenium/Другие документы этой церкви с датами до нововведения:





Taking into account the documents from the previous post, an additional thousand years appeared in different regions in the documents at different times (in Saratov viceroyalty the transition was carried out about 10-15 years later).
According to official history, the transformation took place soon after the formation of the Simbirsk viceroyalty in the territories of the former Kazan province (region with the predominance of Tatar language and Islam) by the decree of Princess Sophia Augusta Frederica of Anhalt-Zerbsta, born in Saxony-Anhalt, who later took the name of Catherine. She came to power as a result of a palace coup that overthrew her husband Peter Romanov, Duke of Holstein-Gothorp.

С учётом документов из предыдущего поста, дополнительная тысяча лет появилась в разных регионах в документах в разное время (в Саратовском наместничестиве переход был осуществлён примерно на 10-15 лет позже).
Согласно официальной истории, преобразование произошло сразу после образования Симбирского заказа на территориях бывшей Казанской провинции (регион с преобладанием татарского языка и ислама) по указу рождённой в Саксонии-Ангальт, принцессы Софии Августы Фредерики Ангальт-Цербстской, позже взявшей себя имя Екатерина. Она пришла к власти в результате дворцового переворота, свергнувшего с престола её мужа Петра Романова, герцога Гольштейн-Готорпского.

#calendar #chronology #documents #germany #holsteingottorp #kazan #memory #metaprogramming #past #property #revision #russia #saxony #simbirsk #stan #time #ulyanovsk
Image/Photoivan zlax wrote the following post Tue, 25 Jun 2019 17:30:17 +0300

288 years ago in the Tula province, in the Kashirsky district, in the village of Gorodishche (Four churches) on the land of the Vyatichi, the year was recorded as "732":


288 лет назад в Тульской губернии, в Каширском уезде, в селе Городище (Четырёх церквей) на земле вятичей, год был записан как "732".

A dozen years later in the same county, the year is written as "1744":


Дюжиной лет позже в том же уезде, но уже другим почерком, год пишут как "1744".

Nearly, twenty years later, in the revision of Ievlevo village, in the title a year recorded with thousand, and in the data itself there is no thousand:


Неподалёку, двадцать лет спустя в ревизии села Иевлево, в заголовке год записан с тысячей, а в самих данных без тысячи.

225 years ago, in Revision Tales of the Provincial State Chamber (State Archive of the Tula Region) in the Belevsky district, the year is written in documents in the old way, without a thousand, "789".


225 лет назад, в Ревизских сказках Губернской казенной палаты (Государственный архив Тульской области) в белёвском уезде в документах год пишется по-старому, без тысячи (по материалам комментариев местного генеалогического сообщества одной из популярных социальных сетей).

In the Tula region, the transition to a new recording style took place all the eighth or eighteenth Gregorian-Julian century, according to local documents from the archives. Given the difference in handwriting, it cannot be ruled out that some documents were later rewritten.
Taking into account the proximity of Tula region to the center and admitting the authenticity of the above documents, the transition to a new form of writing was probably started around 1740cc, when according academic history Emperor Ivan Antonovich formally reigned the first year of his life, under regency of German duke Ernst Johann von Biron. The baby emperor was overthrown by Elizaveta Petrovna, spent almost his entire life in solitary confinement, and already in the reign of Catherine II was killed by the guards at 23 years old when indigenous people of the region tryed to release him.

В тульских краях переход на новый стиль записи календаря проходил всё восьмое или восемнадцатое григорианско-юлианское столетие, согласно местным документам из архивов. Учитывая разницу почерка нельзя исключать, что некоторые документы были позже переписаны.
Учитывая близость Тульского края к центру и допуская достоверность приведённых документов, вероятно, здесь переход на новую форму записи был начат примерно в 1740ох, когда, согласно академической истории, формально царствовал первый год своей жизни император Иоанн Антонович при регентстве немецкого герцога Эрнст Иоганн вон Бирона. Император-младенец был свергнут Елизаветой Петровной, провёл почти всю жизнь в одиночном заключении и уже в царствование Екатерины II был убит охраной в 23-летнем возрасте, когда коренные жители региона пытались его освободить.

#belev #calendar #colonialism #chronology #documents #germany #history #kashira #memory #metaprogramming #past #property #revision #russia #time #tula #vyatichi
(i think this is very useful feature of hubzilla)
 
For the time being,
Words scatter…
Are they falling leaves?

#time #poetry
 
For the time being,
Words scatter…
Are they falling leaves?

#time #poetry
 

Time


It's everything - all, nothing, or the journey in between.
So.... It's time now I share my last music discovery for this week.

There are many songs, poems, musings and writings on this.
Here's The Kinks, and Ray Davies' perspective, on time.

The Kinks - Time Song (Official Lyric Video)


"It's standing behind us and looking down on us"...
Enjoy the times and time.

#music #kinks #time #musica #musique #musika

YouTube: The Kinks - Time Song (Official Lyric Video) (The Kinks Official)

 

Sand won't save you this time (2008)


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20432201
Posted by nl (karma: 22325)
Post stats: Points: 120 - Comments: 15 - 2019-07-14T07:29:30Z

\#HackerNews #2008 #sand #save #this #time #wont #you
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How much free time do you have?


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20363297
Posted by deegles (karma: 6969)
Post stats: Points: 154 - Comments: 102 - 2019-07-05T15:32:13Z

\#HackerNews #free #have #how #much #time #you
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Temperatures in France cross 45°C threshold for first time since records began


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20304857
Posted by reddotX (karma: 3079)
Post stats: Points: 129 - Comments: 59 - 2019-06-28T14:51:40Z

\#HackerNews #45°c #began #cross #first #for #france #records #since #temperatures #threshold #time
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NSA Improperly Collected U.S. Phone Records a Second Time


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20301419
Posted by echevil (karma: 702)
Post stats: Points: 154 - Comments: 23 - 2019-06-28T04:15:45Z

\#HackerNews #collected #improperly #nsa #phone #records #second #time
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It’s Time for Some Queueing Theory


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20290042
Posted by sogen (karma: 706)
Post stats: Points: 138 - Comments: 21 - 2019-06-26T22:47:08Z

\#HackerNews #for #its #queueing #some #theory #time
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 99 - Loop: 260 - Rank min: 80 - Author rank: 8
 

Google Chrome has become surveillance software. It’s time to switch


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20254051
Posted by rahuldottech (karma: 800)
Post stats: Points: 153 - Comments: 58 - 2019-06-23T09:00:10Z

\#HackerNews #become #chrome #google #has #its #software #surveillance #switch #time
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 121 - Loop: 30 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 64
Review: Google Chrome has become surveillance software. It’s time to switch.
 

Bill Gates on making “one of the greatest mistakes of all time”


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20251642
Posted by chdaniel (karma: 824)
Post stats: Points: 96 - Comments: 141 - 2019-06-22T20:45:25Z

\#HackerNews #all #bill #gates #greatest #making #mistakes #one #the #time
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 111 - Loop: 128 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 42
Bill Gates on making “one of the greatest mistakes of all time”
 

Giant squid caught on video for the second time


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20247646
Posted by bookofjoe (karma: 9693)
Post stats: Points: 110 - Comments: 37 - 2019-06-22T02:20:13Z

\#HackerNews #caught #for #giant #second #squid #the #time #video
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The New York Times: Giant Squid, Phantom of the Deep, Reappears on Video (By BROOKE JARVIS)

 

It's time to switch to a four-day working week, say two experts


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20133308
Posted by joeyespo (karma: 21630)
Post stats: Points: 182 - Comments: 88 - 2019-06-08T16:34:57Z

\#HackerNews #experts #four-day #its #say #switch #time #two #week #working
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 150 - Loop: 207 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 59
 

5M Bid request/s, 2ms max response time – The Road to Damascus


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=20003661
Posted by sanjayts (karma: 56)
Post stats: Points: 111 - Comments: 48 - 2019-05-24T17:34:52Z

\#HackerNews #2ms #bid #damascus #max #request #response #road #the #time
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 90 - Loop: 376 - Rank min: 80 - Author rank: 43
 

Procrastination is not a time management problem. It is an emotion


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19975862
Posted by whack (karma: 8421)
Post stats: Points: 164 - Comments: 30 - 2019-05-21T22:40:39Z

\#HackerNews #emotion #management #not #problem #procrastination #time
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 119 - Loop: 163 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 85
 

Falsehoods programmers believe about Unix time


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19922062
Posted by pplonski86 (karma: 5569)
Post stats: Points: 113 - Comments: 81 - 2019-05-15T18:04:46Z

\#HackerNews #about #believe #falsehoods #programmers #time #unix
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It's time to replace GIFs with AV1 video


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19870701
Posted by singhkays (karma: 52)
Post stats: Points: 107 - Comments: 126 - 2019-05-09T18:16:34Z

\#HackerNews #av1 #gifs #its #replace #time #video #with
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 113 - Loop: 135 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 173
 

Map of Proposed US Time Zone Changes


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19845537
Posted by synack (karma: 322)
Post stats: Points: 89 - Comments: 123 - 2019-05-07T01:14:20Z

\#HackerNews #changes #map #proposed #time #zone
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Belgian programmer solves MIT’s 20-year-old time capsule cryptographic puzzle


HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19782634
Posted by MrXOR (karma: 602)
Post stats: Points: 217 - Comments: 41 - 2019-04-29T21:08:47Z

\#HackerNews #20-year-old #belgian #capsule #cryptographic #mits #programmer #puzzle #solves #time
HackerNewsBot debug: Calculated post rank: 158 - Loop: 140 - Rank min: 100 - Author rank: 32
 

In California, giant Stratolaunch jet flies for first time


A giant six-engine aircraft with the world's longest wingspan completed what company officials called a superb initial flight over California's Mojave Desert, bringing to life a dream held by the late…
Article word count: 840

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19659306
Posted by lelf (karma: 41184)
Post stats: Points: 112 - Comments: 81 - 2019-04-14T13:31:11Z

\#HackerNews #california #first #flies #for #giant #jet #stratolaunch #time
Article content:

Image/Photo

[1]In California, giant Stratolaunch jet flies for first time Stratolaunch, a giant six-engine aircraft with the worldʼs longest wingspan , makes its historic first flight from the Mojave Air and Space Port in Mojave, Calif., Saturday, April 13, 2019. Founded by the late billionaire Paul G. Allen, Stratolaunch is vying to be a contender in the market for air-launching small satellites. (AP Photo/Matt Hartman)

A giant six-engine aircraft with the worldʼs longest wingspan completed what company officials called a superb initial flight over Californiaʼs Mojave Desert, bringing to life a dream held by the late Microsoft co-founder Paul G. Allen.

Stratolaunch Systems Corp. chief executive Jean Floyd said Saturday the aircraft made a "spectacular" landing that was on the mark. Stratolaunch, which was founded by Allen, is vying to be a contender in the market for air-launching small satellites. He died in October.

"It was an emotional moment for me, to personally watch this majestic bird take flight, to see Paul Allenʼs dream come to life in front of my very eyes," Floyd told a teleconference briefing.

Floyd said that as the plane lifted off, "I did whisper a ʼthank youʼ to Paul for allowing me to be part of this remarkable achievement."

The behemoth, twin-fuselage Stratolaunch jet lifted off from Mojave Air and Space Port shortly before 7 a.m. Saturday and climbed into the desert sky 70 miles (112 kilometers) north of Los Angeles. The jet flew 2 ½ hours, achieving a maximum speed of 189 mph (304 kph) and altitudes up to 17,000 feet (5,181 meters), the company said.

Test pilot Evan Thomas of Scaled Composites LLC, which built the aircraft, said the flight overall was "fantastic" and for the most part the plane flew as predicted.

[2]IFrame

"The airplane very nicely, smoothly rotated and really just lifted off the ground," he said. "It definitely was ready to fly and wanted to fly and climbed out quickly."

Thomas said there were "a few [3]little things that were off-nominal but really for a first flight it was spot-on." He did not specify what those things were, and briefing participants did not take questions.

The aircraft is designed to carry as many as three satellite-laden rockets at a time under the center of its enormous wing, which stretches 385 feet (117 meters)—a longer wingspan than any other aircraft.

At an altitude of 35,000 feet (10,668 meters), the rockets would be released, ignite their engines and soar into space.

[4]In California, giant Stratolaunch jet flies for first time Stratolaunch, a giant six-engine aircraft with the worldʼs longest wingspan , makes its historic first flight from the Mojave Air and Space Port in Mojave, Calif., Saturday, April 13, 2019. Founded by the late billionaire Paul G. Allen, Stratolaunch is vying to be a contender in the market for air-launching small satellites. (AP Photo/Matt Hartman)

The advantages of such air-launch systems include being able to use numerous airports and avoid the limitations of fixed launch sites which can be impacted by weather, air traffic and ship traffic on ocean ranges.

Allen, the co-founder of Microsoft, founded Stratolaunch Systems Corp. in 2011 after emerging in aerospace by funding the development of the experimental air-launched SpaceShipOne, which in 2004 became the first privately built manned rocket to reach space.

After Allenʼs death in October 2018, Stratolaunch dropped plans to develop its own type of rocket engine and a family of launch vehicles, focusing instead on getting the giant plane airborne and launching Northrop Grummanʼs proven Pegasus XL.

The Stratolaunch aircraft emerged from its Mojave hangar for the first time in May 2017 and proceeded through ground tests, including taxiing and rolling down a runway at near-takeoff speeds.

[5]In California, giant Stratolaunch jet flies for first time Stratolaunch, a giant six-engine aircraft with the worldʼs longest wingspan , makes its historic first flight from the Mojave Air and Space Port in Mojave, Calif., Saturday, April 13, 2019. Founded by the late billionaire Paul G. Allen, Stratolaunch is vying to be a contender in the market for air-launching small satellites. (AP Photo/Matt Hartman)

Powered by the same type of engines used by Boeing 747s, the aircraft is designed to take off at a maximum weight of 1.3 million pounds (589,676 kilograms). Its twin fuselages—sort of the airplane equivalent of a catamaran—are 238 feet (72.5 meters) long.

The previous wingspan leader was Howard Hughesʼ World War II-era eight-engine H-4 Hercules flying boat—nicknamed the Spruce Goose. Surviving in an aviation museum, it has an approximately 320-foot (97.5-meter) wingspan but is just under 219 feet (67 meters) long.

While Stratolaunch calls its [6]aircraft the worldʼs largest, other airplanes exceed it in length from nose to tail. They include the six-engine Antonov AN 225 cargo plane, which is 275.5 feet (84 meters) long, and the Boeing 747-8, which is just over 250 feet (76.3 meters) long.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.

Citation: In California, giant Stratolaunch jet flies for first time (2019, April 14) retrieved 14 April 2019 from https://techxplore.com/news/2019-04-california-giant-stratolaunch-jet-flies.html
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Open Source Is Winning, and Now It's Time for People to Win Too


Teaching kids about open source? Don't forget to teach them ethics as well. Back when I started college, in the fall of 1988, I was introduced to a text editor called Emacs. Actually, it wasn't just…
Article word count: 1506

HN Discussion: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=19606846
Posted by rbanffy (karma: 78922)
Post stats: Points: 158 - Comments: 73 - 2019-04-08T16:49:57Z

\#HackerNews #and #for #its #now #open #people #source #time #too #win #winning
Article content:

Teaching kids about open source? Donʼt forget to teach them ethics as well.

Back when I started college, in the fall of 1988, I was introduced to a text editor called Emacs. Actually, it wasnʼt just called Emacs; it was called "GNU Emacs". The "GNU" part, I soon learned, referred to something called "free software", which was about far more than the fact that it was free of charge. The GNU folks talked about software with extreme intensity, as if the fate of the entire world rested on the success of their software replacing its commercial competition.

Those of us who used such programs, either from GNU or from other, similarly freely licensed software, knew that we were using high-quality code. But to our colleagues at school and work, we were a bit weird, trusting our work to software that wasnʼt backed by a large, commercial company. (I still remember, as a college intern at HP, telling the others in my group that I had compiled, installed and started to use a new shell known as "bash", which was better than the "k shell" we all were using. Their response was somewhere between bemusement and horror.)

As time went on, I started to use a growing number of programs that fit into this "free software" definition—Linux, Perl and Python were the stars, but plenty of others existed, from Emacs (which I use to this day), sendmail (pretty much the only SMTP server at the time), DNS libraries and the like. In 1998, Tim OʼReilly decided that although the "free software" cause was good, it needed better coordination and marketing. Thus, the term "open source" was popularized, stressing the practical benefits over the philosophical and societal ones.

I was already consulting at the time, regularly fighting an uphill battle with clients—small startups and large multinationals alike—telling them that yes, I trusted code that didnʼt cost money, could be modified by anyone and was developed by volunteers.

But marketing, believe it or not, really does work. And the term "open source" did a great job of opening many peopleʼs minds. Slowly but surely, things started to change: IBM announced that it would invest huge amounts of money in Linux and open-source software. Apache, which had started life as an httpd server, became a foundation that sponsored a growing array of open-source projects. Netscape tumbled as quickly as it had grown, releasing its Mozilla browser as open-source software (and with its own foundation) before going bust. Red Hat proved that you could have a successful open-source company based on selling high-quality services and support. And these are just the most prominent names.

With every announcement, the resistance to using open source in commercial companies dropped bit more. As companies realized that others were depending on open source, they agreed to use it too.

Fast-forward to today, and itʼs hard to avoid open-source software. Itʼs everywhere, from the smallest companies to the largest. There are still commercial versions of UNIX, but Linux is really all anyone expects or talks about. And Linux is indeed everywhere. My Python and Git courses have never been in greater demand from companies that want to teach their employees to improve their familiarity with these technologies. Whereas it once was possible for one person to know, and to know about, the majority of major open-source software titles, today thatʼs completely impossible.

Several years ago, while on a flight, my personal screen had some problems. I asked the flight attendant for help, and she told me that itʼs probably easiest just to restart the screen. Imagine my surprise when I saw myself looking at the Linux boot sequence, in my seat at 30,000 feet! It was at this point that I realized that open source, by virtue of being both inexpensive and open for people to examine and modify, had indeed arrived.

Whatʼs amazing to me is how even the companies that were most against open-source software have become advocates—not necessarily out of love, but because thatʼs where the market is heading. Microsoft is not only using open source, itʼs also actively engaging with and supporting the community, encouraging the use of open source, and even contributing.

So, have we made it? The answer, of course, is both yes and no. There is no doubt that open-source software has arrived, succeeding beyond my wildest dreams. I mostly earn my living teaching Python and Git to companies around the world, and itʼs hard to exaggerate the demand for such technologies. Companies are adopting open source as quickly as they possibly can, simultaneously reducing costs and increasing flexibility. Students are learning to use open-source technologies and languages.

So yes, if measured by market penetration and the acceptance that open-source software can compete, we have definitely won. Sure, thereʼs work to do on the desktop, but the achievements to date are real, tangible and impressive.

But, itʼs no longer enough to be widespread or even dominant. As a few people were prescient enough to foresee long ago, our world of interconnected computers, phones and devices is generating enormous quantities of data, stored beyond our reach, analyzed by algorithms we cannot see or check, and being used to make decisions that can affect careers, education and medical care, among other things.

Moreover, the business model that was both clever and profitable for so long, namely advertising, has come with an enormous trade-off, in that a number of corporations know more about us than we even know about ourselves. Whatʼs amazing is that the advertising-supported services are often so good and useful—and free of charge—that we ignore the ramifications of sharing everything about ourselves with them.

From the perspective of todayʼs young people, the internet always has connected us, smartphones always have existed, and the apps we use on our phones and computers always have been free of charge. And if you have to share some of your data, then so what? People no longer seem to be as concerned about privacy and about how much theyʼre sharing with these companies, as was once the case. Perhaps thatʼs because people are getting such obvious benefits from the services they use. But perhaps itʼs because people are unaware of how their data is being used.

The April 2019 issue of Linux Journal is all about kids, but itʼs also our 25th anniversary edition, so itʼs an appropriate time to ask "What should we be teaching our children about open-source software?"

A few years ago, MIT changed its intro computer science course away from the traditional (and brilliant) class that used Scheme to one that used Python. This certainly made big waves and has influenced hundreds of universities that now also use Python. When MIT changed the curriculum, the professors who wrote the course indicated that for todayʼs software engineers, learning to code isnʼt enough. You also need to learn topics such as ethics. Many programmers will be asked to do things that are unethical, so itʼs important to think through the issues before you encounter them at work. Heck, just determining what is considered ethical is a knotty problem in and of itself—one that many developers have probably never considered.

So yes, itʼs important for us to teach kids about Linux and open-source software. But itʼs not enough for us to teach them about the technical parts of things. We also need to inform them of the societal parts of their work, and the huge influence and power that todayʼs programmers have. Itʼs sometimes okay—and even preferable—for a company to make less money deliberately, when the alternative would be to do things that are inappropriate or illegal.

Itʼs important to teach and discuss machine learning—not just as a set of technologies, but also to understand how models work, how they can be wrong, and what you need to do in order to get them right. Itʼs important to discuss how and when such algorithms should be shared with the public and made available to public audit.

And, itʼs important to explain that no one has a perfect answer to these issues. Itʼs okay to have disagreements. But raising these questions and problems is a major responsibility, and itʼs important that kids learn from an early age that programming has real-world implications—some of them potentially bad. We donʼt let people drive until they have demonstrated at least the minimum understanding of how their actions can affect others. Iʼm not suggesting we require programmers be licensed, but that we raise these important points frequently.

Linux Journal has been at the forefront of the Open Source movement for 25 years now, pushing and encouraging us to imagine a world where software is of high quality, available to all, at low or no cost, and that invites us to experiment and tinker. Iʼm proud to have been writing for this publication for much of that time—since 1996. And although this column generally will continue to have a technical focus, Iʼm glad that Linux Journal, as a publication, is focusing on the societal impacts of our work.

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