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Quote of note:

"From AD166 to around AD180, repeated outbreaks occurred throughout the known world. Roman historians describe the legions being devastated, and entire towns and villages being depopulated and going to ruin. Rome itself was particularly badly affected, carts leaving the city each day piled high with dead bodies."

"In the middle of this plague, Marcus wrote a book, known as The Meditations, which records the moral and psychological advice he gave himself at this time. He frequently applies Stoic philosophy to the challenges of coping with pain, illness, anxiety and loss. It’s no stretch of the imagination to view The Meditations as a manual for developing precisely the mental resilience skills required to cope with a pandemic."

"First of all, because Stoics believe that our true good resides in our own character and actions, they would frequently remind themselves to distinguish between what’s “up to us” and what isn’t. Modern Stoics tend to call this 'the dichotomy of control' and many people find this distinction alone helpful in alleviating stress. What happens to me is never directly under my control, never completely up to me, but my own thoughts and actions are – at least the voluntary ones. The pandemic isn’t really under my control but the way I behave in response to it is."

Via Stoicism in a time of pandemic: how Marcus Aurelius can help




#philosophy #stoicism #history #MarcusAurelius #COVID19 #coronavirus #pandemic #books
 

'The impossible has already happened': what coronavirus can teach us about hope | World news | The Guardian

In the midst of fear and isolation, we are learning that profound, positive change is possible. By Rebecca Solnit
A long read, and another in the series of thoughtful essays about how life has to change in the future.

#Covid-19 #CoronaVirus #hope #thinking #philosophy
 
Stoicism week : part 2

Yesterday I began with a look at the main difficulty with Stoicism : why care about anyone's so-called "suffering" if literally everything is a subjective opinion ? If a victim shouldn't care they're being abused, why should an abuser care that they're being abusive ? This does seem to cause real problems for Epictetus, as while he mostly advocates for everyone being nice to each other, he also not infrequently slips into selfishness and victim blaming.

His solution, explored here in part two, appeared to be a quite ingenious one. Nothing matter except opinion... but opinion does itself matter, and can be judged in a more than subjective way. Someone committing criminal acts intrinsically harms themselves. Thus a victim can learn to endure hardship whereas a criminal cannot escape self-harm through their own acts : Stoicism is definitely not supposed to be a license for immoral behaviour.

... except that while this might be a clever solution, it's not terribly convincing. No examination as to what constitutes good or bad behaviour is given, so who gets to decide who's hurt themselves or not ? And if criminals aren't aware that what they're doing is wrong, then it makes very little sense to describe them as "suffering" in any meaningful sense. Most fundamentally of all, how can their actions be said to be immoral if they don't actually hurt anyone else ?

There aren't any easy answers to this. The problem seems to stem from some very definitely absolute ideas about the nature of free will, of which more in part three tomorrow.

#Philosophy
#Stoicism
 

The Archeology of Computer Assemblage (1992)

...After teaching at Siemens during the day, by night Werner Küntzel enthusiastically hits the books in an effort to expose the 'secret origins' of the computer. It began when, after completing a dissertation on Foucault and Hegel, he trained as a programmer. A reference in an American book put him on a trail of 13th-century Spanish priest Raymundus Lullus. This inventor and missionary developed a blueprint for a symbolic 'text machine' which generates semantic combinations. Küntzel was surprised at how established philosophy had displaced the engineers within its own ranks and how it censured them outright. "If there's anything the exponents of Pure Intellect thoroughly detest, it's the attempt to somehow mathematize the philosophical truth", writes Küntzel in his book on Lullus. ''In their eyes, nothing is so awful as the infiltration of mathematics into the realm of ideas....
https://www.mediamatic.net/en/page/9116/the-archeology-of-computer-assemblage

#philosophy #technology #computers #programming #WernerKuntzel #RaymundusLullus #PhilosophyOfTechnology #TheoryOfTechnology
 
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"No one saves us but ourselves. No one can and no one may. We ourselves must walk the path." - Buddha

#philosophy
 
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a book I bought yesterday. The three texts, On anger (part 2), On Clemency, and On tranquillity of mind, by Seneca the Younger.

On Easter Sunday I was at a family lunch, as is the custom in Denmark on holidays (we have several lavish Christmas lunches). I talked for some time with my cousins and some old "68-generation" friends of the family on philosophy - Kant, Schopenhauer, Kierkegaard and Nietzsche, but the discussion kept returning to the classical writers mainly because one of the old geezers had been enamoured in the idea of stoicism... life philosophy instead of scepticism and meta-ethics and such things. According to him there where symposiums in England where Stoics meet and discussed stoicism in a stoic way... we all saw manor houses, romantic gardens with white marble copies of classic sculptures, and men and women in tweed walking in the evening sun discussing moderation. As we went from Solon to Schopenhauer and back again, I suddenly realised that I might have seen myself quite wrongly for many years. I tend to see myself as a sceptic, an anarchist with a conservative inclination, a nihilist rationalist and much more that never really made sense, but as we talked I realised that I all along have lived by principles that could look a lot like stoicism.

So I went and bought the book.

#book #philosophy #stoicism #stoic #Seneca #68 #realisation #
 
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Happy New Year all. Find joy every day!
#cartoon #newyears #philosophy
 

Hello


Hi I am #newhere and looking for some initial contacts :)
I like #culture, #art, #politics, #philosophy and mice
 

Hello


Hi I am #newhere and looking for some initial contacts :)
I like #culture, #art, #politics, #philosophy and mice
 
#Humour
#Philosophy
 
#Humour
#Philosophy
 

'Of course animals speak’ – Eva Meijer on how to communicate with our fellow beasts | The Guardian

The Dutch philosopher believes we should change our relationship to animals. This involves recognising that they talk to one another – and granting them proper rights
#nature #animals #philosophy
 

How would you explain your basic #life #philosophy?


Have fun but don't harm anybody. Anybody is including #nature, #earth, #environment, plants, animals, #climate and you.
#askme #question
 
Hey everyone, I’m #newhere. I’m interested in #age, #antiableism, #books, #common, #diaspora, #newestworldorder, #nonviolentcommunication, #oldschool, #philosophy, #taijiquan-qigong, #ubi, and #universalbasicincome. But above all solving the work functions for universal basic income. At heart I believe a citizen's solution to be a better fix than a point and click lump sum within this burning room we need not name (you're born into it and it is the invention of humans on earth). It like choosing not to let Apple steer the ship of hardware design to store and play music,, but to really contribute to fundamental tools shared across human life to replace the collective effects of our society of consumption and spectacle. I believe in the ratio between universal and basic, that careful attention should be paid to the income we pay to people regardless of their background (universal) and that which we pay those who are transitioning from a system of competition and limited need to one where feeling "the pain of the universe" is one blessing of life. I am happy to be born into it, especially now with all the potential for crisis. Nothing brings a conscious species together like a crisis, oder? First time on "social media" in years, sorry for the novel.
 
Hey everyone, I’m #newhere. I’m interested in #age, #antiableism, #books, #common, #diaspora, #newestworldorder, #nonviolentcommunication, #oldschool, #philosophy, #taijiquan-qigong, #ubi, and #universalbasicincome. But above all solving the work functions for universal basic income. At heart I believe a citizen's solution to be a better fix than a point and click lump sum within this burning room we need not name (you're born into it and it is the invention of humans on earth). It like choosing not to let Apple steer the ship of hardware design to store and play music,, but to really contribute to fundamental tools shared across human life to replace the collective effects of our society of consumption and spectacle. I believe in the ratio between universal and basic, that careful attention should be paid to the income we pay to people regardless of their background (universal) and that which we pay those who are transitioning from a system of competition and limited need to one where feeling "the pain of the universe" is one blessing of life. I am happy to be born into it, especially now with all the potential for crisis. Nothing brings a conscious species together like a crisis, oder? First time on "social media" in years, sorry for the novel.
 

Lord of the Flies (1963)


William Golding's Lord of the Flies is an #allegory and, therefore, each character and element of the story represents an aspect of #human #nature and #society. For example:The story begins when a group of English #schoolboys find themselves without adult supervision and stranded in a uninhabited #tropical #island after the plane that was evacuating them from a #war zone was shot down. As the #boys begin to adapt to the new #environment, they struggle to maintain the rules of their "civilised" world and a #microcosm of human society develops as the ultimate #cautionary #tale ( quite relevant in the context of #Trump and #USA #imperialism ). Needless to say, William Golding's Nobel Prize-winning book offers many more details and insights into his examination of human nature, while Peter Brook's film adaptation, a work of art in itself, serves as a visual companion to the book.

#LordOfTheFlies #Golding #Brooks #Criterion #film #video #movie #psychology #philosophy #morality #politics #law #order #democracy #anarchy #anarchist #tyranny #fear #evil #religion #tribal #war #hate #primitive #savagery #chaos #bullying #violence #corruption #ecology #reflection #social #dynamics #civilization #humanity #humankind
 

Lord of the Flies (1963)


William Golding's Lord of the Flies is an #allegory and, therefore, each character and element of the story represents an aspect of #human #nature and #society. For example:The story begins when a group of English #schoolboys find themselves without adult supervision and stranded in a uninhabited #tropical #island after the plane that was evacuating them from a #war zone was shot down. As the #boys begin to adapt to the new #environment, they struggle to maintain the rules of their "civilised" world and a #microcosm of human society develops as the ultimate #cautionary #tale ( quite relevant in the context of #Trump and #USA #imperialism ). Needless to say, William Golding's Nobel Prize-winning book offers many more details and insights into his examination of human nature, while Peter Brook's film adaptation, a work of art in itself, serves as a visual companion to the book.

#LordOfTheFlies #Golding #Brooks #Criterion #film #video #movie #psychology #philosophy #morality #politics #law #order #democracy #anarchy #anarchist #tyranny #fear #evil #religion #tribal #war #hate #primitive #savagery #chaos #bullying #violence #corruption #ecology #reflection #social #dynamics #civilization #humanity #humankind
 
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