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Scientists find way to read priceless letters sealed 300 years ago and never opened - CNN Style

Three hundred years ago, before envelopes, passwords and security codes, writers often struggled to keep thoughts, cares and dreams expressed in their letters private.
One popular way was to use a technique called letter locking -- intricately folding a flat sheet of paper to become its own envelope. This security strategy presented a challenge when 577 locked letters delivered to The Hague in the Netherlands between 1689 and 1706 were found in a trunk of undelivered mail.
The letters had never reached their final recipients, and conservationists didn't want to open and damage them. Instead, a team has found a way to read one of the letters without breaking its seal or unfolding it in any way. Using a highly sensitive X-ray scanner and computer algorithms, researchers virtually unfolded the unopened letter.
#science #technology #tech #history
 
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#History. (4 photos)
Renaissance-Era Venetian Beads Found in Alaska Were There Before Columbus

https://mymodernmet.com/venetian-glass-beads-alaska-trade/
 

Trump’s lawyers reject a request from House managers for testimony from the former president


Will he show up - if subpoena'd by Congress? If not, will there be consequences? If he does show up (to avoid being jailed for evading a Congressional subpoena to appear at trial), then he might "plead the 5th" (refuse to self-incriminate) - and then we'll just have to watch countless videos of him seeding the "Big Lie" and inciting a coup, repeatedly and over a period of months...

Stay tuned, grab the popcorn... Another "reality TV" Trump show coming soon. Might be an appetizer for the serious criminal charges coming from the states- from which he is not immune or self-pardonable. "We'll see what happens"™️

#trumpvirus #sedition #treason #corruption ("like we've never seen before") #impeachment #history
#StaySafe #MakeAmericaSaneAgain
 
Sort of interesting...

What the QAnon of the 6th Century Teaches Us About Conspiracies


#history #conspiracy
 

77 Days: Trump’s Campaign to Subvert the Election

Historic. History described in near-real-time with details, context, and stunning images.


This is the tour de force piece appearing this week in the NY Times, and generating a great deal of attention & commentary.

#UShistory #history #2021coup #sedition #treason #trumpvirus #trump #corruption #criminality

The New York Times: 77 Days: Trump’s Campaign to Subvert the Election (By Jim Rutenberg, Jo Becker, Eric Lipton, Maggie Haberman, Jonathan Martin, Matthew Rosenberg and Michael S. Schmidt)

 
Quick & interesting read, and look back plus future-watching, AI and robotics on the ground, from BBC Science Focus:

A history of robots, from ancient Greece to 19th Century London


#AI #robotics #robots #science. #inventions #technology #history #cyberpsychology
 
Some of the people who stormed the Capitol this week, then, come from the same movement that has been threatening democracy and killing civilians for decades, if not generations. The attempted insurrection didn't come out of nowhere — it follows a history we can learn and understand to combat this very dangerous ideology.
--- Kathleen Belew and Elizabeth Neumann in their Washington Post article Leaving Trump in office now will just encourage white nationalists

#KathleenBelew #ElizabethNeumann #whitenationalism #whitesupremacy #right-wing-extremism #insurrection #history
 
Some of the people who stormed the Capitol this week, then, come from the same movement that has been threatening democracy and killing civilians for decades, if not generations. The attempted insurrection didn't come out of nowhere — it follows a history we can learn and understand to combat this very dangerous ideology.
--- Kathleen Belew and Elizabeth Neumann in their Washington Post article Leaving Trump in office now will just encourage white nationalists

#KathleenBelew #ElizabethNeumann #whitenationalism #whitesupremacy #right-wing-extremism #insurrection #history
 
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#History. (4 photos)
The Edible History of Confetti
Before the paper variety, nuts, hops, and dates rained down—and put out the occasional eye.

(photo description An employee prepares French dragée candies, which fit into a lineage of wedding and confetti edibles)

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/what-was-confetti-made-of
 
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#History. (4 photos)
The Edible History of Confetti
Before the paper variety, nuts, hops, and dates rained down—and put out the occasional eye.

(photo description An employee prepares French dragée candies, which fit into a lineage of wedding and confetti edibles)

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/what-was-confetti-made-of
 
#History. (4 photos)
These Coded Wine Glasses Were Used for Treasonous Toasts
The Jacobites slyly drank to a deposed king.
 
#History. (4 photos)
These Coded Wine Glasses Were Used for Treasonous Toasts
The Jacobites slyly drank to a deposed king.
 
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#History. (13 photos)
Explore and Learn About Christmas Traditions Around the World

https://mymodernmet.com/christmas-traditions-around-the-world/
 
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#History. (7 photos)
Ely S. Parker's Grave
Buffalo, New York
An unprepossessing stone marks the last resting place of one of the most accomplished Native Americans in history.

IN THE SHADOWS OF THE monument to renowned Seneca chief Red Jacket is the much smaller grave marker for his great grand-nephew, Ely S. Parker. Known by his Seneca name, Do-Ne-Ho-Geh-Weh meaning “Keeper of the Western Door,” Parker had a front-row seat to some of the greatest moments in United States history. He also reached the highest echelons of government despite lacking U.S. citizenship.

Born in 1828 on the Tonawanda Reservation near Indian Falls, New York, Parker was a scholar from an early age. After traveling to Canada and not being able to understand those around him, he was determined to learn English. He studied at a local missionary school and with help of Lewis Henry Morgan, he attended the elite Cayuga Academy. He went on to study law, but was denied entry to the NY bar because of his race.

Undaunted, Parker continued to work as a sachem and diplomat for the Seneca within the Iroquois federation, and at the age of 23, he was recognized as the best negotiator among his colleagues. At the same time, he studied engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and eventually procured employment maintaining portions of the Erie Canal.

His skills as an engineer later gained him an appointment as a construction superintendent for the U.S. Treasury Department in Galena, Illinois. Here, he met and befriended Galena’s most famous son, Ulysses S. Grant.

When the Civil War erupted, Parker was unable to procure a military appointment until 1863 when Grant appointed him to his personal staff. As a result of his exceptional service, Parker was on hand at Appomattox where he drafted the surrender agreement between Grant and Robert E. Lee.

After leaving the military as a Brevet Brigadier General, Parker was later appointed by Grant as the first Native American Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the astonishment of many.

In his later years, Parker was a businessman and investor, but lost much of his fortune in the financial panics of the late 19th-century. He died impoverished in Fairfield, Connecticut, and had little in his possession, except for a carbon copy of the Appomattox surrender and a medal he inherited from Red Jacket once bestowed by George Washington.

His burial in Connecticut was conducted in Algonquin territory, which the Seneca considered inappropriate. Parker was exhumed in 1897 and reinterred in a simple grave at Forest Lawn next to his hero

https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/ely-s-parkers-grave
 
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#History. (7 photos)
Ely S. Parker's Grave
Buffalo, New York
An unprepossessing stone marks the last resting place of one of the most accomplished Native Americans in history.

IN THE SHADOWS OF THE monument to renowned Seneca chief Red Jacket is the much smaller grave marker for his great grand-nephew, Ely S. Parker. Known by his Seneca name, Do-Ne-Ho-Geh-Weh meaning “Keeper of the Western Door,” Parker had a front-row seat to some of the greatest moments in United States history. He also reached the highest echelons of government despite lacking U.S. citizenship.

Born in 1828 on the Tonawanda Reservation near Indian Falls, New York, Parker was a scholar from an early age. After traveling to Canada and not being able to understand those around him, he was determined to learn English. He studied at a local missionary school and with help of Lewis Henry Morgan, he attended the elite Cayuga Academy. He went on to study law, but was denied entry to the NY bar because of his race.

Undaunted, Parker continued to work as a sachem and diplomat for the Seneca within the Iroquois federation, and at the age of 23, he was recognized as the best negotiator among his colleagues. At the same time, he studied engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and eventually procured employment maintaining portions of the Erie Canal.

His skills as an engineer later gained him an appointment as a construction superintendent for the U.S. Treasury Department in Galena, Illinois. Here, he met and befriended Galena’s most famous son, Ulysses S. Grant.

When the Civil War erupted, Parker was unable to procure a military appointment until 1863 when Grant appointed him to his personal staff. As a result of his exceptional service, Parker was on hand at Appomattox where he drafted the surrender agreement between Grant and Robert E. Lee.

After leaving the military as a Brevet Brigadier General, Parker was later appointed by Grant as the first Native American Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the astonishment of many.

In his later years, Parker was a businessman and investor, but lost much of his fortune in the financial panics of the late 19th-century. He died impoverished in Fairfield, Connecticut, and had little in his possession, except for a carbon copy of the Appomattox surrender and a medal he inherited from Red Jacket once bestowed by George Washington.

His burial in Connecticut was conducted in Algonquin territory, which the Seneca considered inappropriate. Parker was exhumed in 1897 and reinterred in a simple grave at Forest Lawn next to his hero

https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/ely-s-parkers-grave
 
Random find (&/or YT algorithm-gods)

New York in the mid 1930's in Color!


Not as exciting to me as a 1911 film I'd seen, with more scenes of daily city life, and the sounds (street cars, etc.)...
[https://youtu.be/hZ1OgQL9_Cw ]

But this is also interesting. Documenting a historic time, towards the end of the Great Depression.

Not much skyline, visually ("sky scrapers") other than Empire State Building, lots of flat land still, and big ships in the ports... but ah, the music here made me stay. Almost klezmer/big band.

Good weekend. #StaySafe

#music #musica #musique #NewYork #1930s #1910s #historical #history #documentary #NYC
 
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Here you go, one just for you, @V. T. Eric Layton

Re: Discussion of Cuban history, around 1958-61 say...

"Context and Perspective" being US/Russia 'cold war', a (failed) CIA-financed "Bay of Pigs" invasion, and how that related to the earlier history of Batista in Cuba, and then Florida exile, then Castro and his nationalization of everything, and exiles like Rubio's family staunchly opposed to Castro and finding a home in the existing Republican base of South Florida (first Miami, then Tampa too).

So these are two snapshots from a presentation I attended with a Cuban Ambassador in 2017, as the change from Obama to Trump was beginning to manifest. These are the bullet items of history past and present, from a Cuban perspective.

And in the end.... daily life in so many places and on so many levels, is just another

## Cuban Crisis

#music #musica #musique #AtlantaRhythmSection #Cuba #Kuba #history #historia
 

History through the lens of energy: a bibliography


Some years back I was asked if there were any books addressing history through the perspective of energy. And so I discovered Vaclav Smil's excellent Energy in World History, delivering just that, updated two years ago under a new title. The catalogue's expanded, and following a discussion with @Emmanuel Florac (here), I'm expanding my list.

Emmanuel adds Auzenneau. I've read Weissenbacher and known of Rodes, and have both Smil's books. The others are new to me.

Searching Worldcat for books on history and energy:#energy #history #EnergyInHistory #VaclavSmil #MatthieuAuzanneau #RichardRhodes #books #bibliography
 
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#History. (5 photos)
Who Really Designed the American Dime?
The controversy that has long roiled the coin world.

(photo description Selma Burke won a competition to create a relief sculpture of Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1943)

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/who-designed-american-dime-selma-burke-franklin-roosevelt
 
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#History. (5 photos)
Who Really Designed the American Dime?
The controversy that has long roiled the coin world.

(photo description Selma Burke won a competition to create a relief sculpture of Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1943)

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/who-designed-american-dime-selma-burke-franklin-roosevelt
 
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#History. (9 photos)
The Little-Known History of Seafaring Pets
From war to exploration to pleasure cruising, pets have often accompanied us on the oceans.

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/little-known-history-seafaring-pets-dogs-cats-chickens-war-exploration
 
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#History. (9 photos)
The Little-Known History of Seafaring Pets
From war to exploration to pleasure cruising, pets have often accompanied us on the oceans.

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/little-known-history-seafaring-pets-dogs-cats-chickens-war-exploration
 
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#History. (3 photos)
During the 1918 Flu Epidemic, Pet Parents Put Masks on Their Cats
Yancia the bulldog even made the local paper: “This Seattle Dog Wears Flu Mask.”

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/pets-during-1918-influenza-epidemic
 
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#History. (3 photos)
During the 1918 Flu Epidemic, Pet Parents Put Masks on Their Cats
Yancia the bulldog even made the local paper: “This Seattle Dog Wears Flu Mask.”

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/pets-during-1918-influenza-epidemic
 

#Pompeii dig reveals ‘almost perfect’ remains of a master and his slave | #Italy | The Guardian


https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/nov/21/pompeii-dig-reveals-almost-perfect-remains-of-a-master-and-his-slave

#History #Archaeology #Europe
 
Sound familiar?
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On This Day - What Happened Today In History | Britannica


https://www.britannica.com/on-this-day

The Continental System, a blockade designed to close the entire European continent to British trade, was proclaimed when Napoleon issued the Berlin Decree.
#History #OnThisDay #Napolean #GreatBritain #France #UK
 
Sound familiar?
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On This Day - What Happened Today In History | Britannica


https://www.britannica.com/on-this-day

The Continental System, a blockade designed to close the entire European continent to British trade, was proclaimed when Napoleon issued the Berlin Decree.
#History #OnThisDay #Napolean #GreatBritain #France #UK
 
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Nightmare of Neo-Liberal Ideology


http://socialistalternative.ca/covid-19/international-covid-19/nightmare-of-neo-liberal-ideology/

'Over the last thirty years, #neo-liberalism has ruled supreme, permeating all sections of #society. Even in the #public #sector, the #culture has been changed from public service to monetary measurements being the top priority – patients are now #customers and school students and parents are #consumers of an “education product” rather than #citizens with #rights ... there is growing #internationalism and even #anti-capitalist ideas, especially among young people.'

#nightmare #neoliberal #ideology #capitalism #economic #growth #privatization #class #struggle #covid19 #myth #history
 
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Nightmare of Neo-Liberal Ideology


http://socialistalternative.ca/covid-19/international-covid-19/nightmare-of-neo-liberal-ideology/

'Over the last thirty years, #neo-liberalism has ruled supreme, permeating all sections of #society. Even in the #public #sector, the #culture has been changed from public service to monetary measurements being the top priority – patients are now #customers and school students and parents are #consumers of an “education product” rather than #citizens with #rights ... there is growing #internationalism and even #anti-capitalist ideas, especially among young people.'

#nightmare #neoliberal #ideology #capitalism #economic #growth #privatization #class #struggle #covid19 #myth #history
 
Thank you world, thank you G-d, thank you those who fought, then & now... And thanks Australia, for this compilation. Hoping to rejoin the real world soon! So much gratitude that so many remember "We the People" who still work, hope, and dream of the values & ideals which were/are/can be America. (Breathe... breathe....)

'Bells ringing in Paris': World reacts to Joe Biden win


#America #USA #Election2020 #politics #media #headlines #history #Biden #trumpvirus #KamalaHarris #MakeAmericaSaneAgain
 
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#History. (4 photos)
19th-Century Tool Box Is Meticulously Designed to Hold 300 Tools

This beauty is 20×40 inches when closed (40×40 inches when open) and contains 300 tools within its carefully crafted mahogany rosewood, ebony, and mother-of-pearl case.

https://mymodernmet.com/studley-tool-chest/
 
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#History. (4 photos)
19th-Century Tool Box Is Meticulously Designed to Hold 300 Tools

This beauty is 20×40 inches when closed (40×40 inches when open) and contains 300 tools within its carefully crafted mahogany rosewood, ebony, and mother-of-pearl case.

https://mymodernmet.com/studley-tool-chest/
 
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#History. (9 photos)
The History of Halloween: Exploring the Age-Old Origins of the Enchanting Holiday

https://mymodernmet.com/what-is-the-history-of-halloween/
 
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#History. (9 photos)
The History of Halloween: Exploring the Age-Old Origins of the Enchanting Holiday

https://mymodernmet.com/what-is-the-history-of-halloween/
 
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Greetings. I am #newhere, and a gplusrefugee.

Here's a few things about me. There's a chance I'll like you because we share a similarity, there's a chance I'll like you because we have differences, so we start with:Your turn. Tell me about you.
 
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