A dose of aspirin can do more than just soothe your headache, a new study suggests—it might also protect your lungs from air pollution.#science #medicine #health #aspirin #pollution #COPD
Air pollution harms our bodies in all sorts of ways, both short-term and long-term. One of these ways is through irritating and inflaming lung cells. So it makes sense that aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) could have a protective effect. There’s even research showing that the daily use of aspirin is linked to a reduced risk and slower progression of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a lung condition characterized by chronic inflammation which can be caused or worsened by air pollutants like tobacco smoke.
More than half of patients can now survive a deadly skin cancer that was considered untreatable just a decade ago, say UK doctors.#health #medicine #cancer
Ten years ago only one-in-20 patients would live for five years after being diagnosed with late-stage melanoma. Most would die in months.
But drugs to harness the body's immune system mean 52% now live for at least five years, a clinical trial shows.
I am not a medical doctor but perhaps @Dr. Cassone you could explain how (what I'm hoping are pretty intelligent people) could believe that a class of opiates would not be addictiveI am not Dr. Cassone, but i can show you an analogy. Although i will show you these data, most people will prefer to believe that these are the opiates that are not addictive:
Cow’s milk, depending on the milk variety (A1 or A2), contain a variety of combinations of the following casomorphin peptides:#biocomputer #biorobotism #cow #nature #neurotransmitter #mammal #milk #primate #revision #science
β-casomorphin 1-3: H-Tyr-Pro-Phe-OH
Bovine β-casomorphin 1-4: H-Tyr-Pro-Phe-Pro-OH
Bovine β-casomorphin 1-4, amide: H-Tyr-Pro-Phe-Pro-NH2
Bovine β-casomorphin 5: H-Tyr-Pro-Phe-Pro-Gly-OH
Bovine β-casomorphin 7: H-Tyr-Pro-Phe-Pro-Gly-Pro-Ile-OH
Bovine β-casomorphin 8: H-Tyr-Pro-Phe-Pro-Gly-Pro-Ile-Pro-OH
Gluten exorphin B5 stimulates prolactin secretion through opioid receptors located outside the blood-brain barrier.
When nerve surgeon Dr Susan Mackinnon needed help to finish an operation, she reached, as she often does, for a mid-20th Century book of anatomy.#Medicine #Health #History #Books #Surgery #Illustrations #Nazi #Ethics
Thanks to the complex hand-drawn illustrations - showing the human body peeled back layer by layer - Dr Mackinnon, from Washington University in St Louis, was able to complete the procedure.
The book she had used, the innocuous-sounding Pernkopf Topographic Anatomy of Man, is widely considered to be the best example of anatomical drawings in the world. It is richer in detail and more vivid in colour than any other.
Skin, muscle, tendons, nerves, organs and bone are revealed in graphic detail. It's not for the faint-hearted.
But the book, often referred to as Pernkopf's Atlas, is no longer in print and a second-hand set - there are several volumes - can sell for thousands of pounds online.
Yet despite its hefty asking price, few would proudly display it in their clinic, library or home.
That's because the book's findings came from the bodies of hundreds of people killed by the Nazis. It is their bodies - cut up and dissected - that are shown across thousands of pages.
Critics say the book is tainted by its dark past and scientists have grappled with the ethics involved in its use.
Dr Mackinnon says she feels uncomfortable with its origin, but using the book is a crucial part of being an "ethical surgeon" - and that she could not do her job without it.
Rabbi Joseph Polak - a Holocaust survivor and professor of health law - believes the book is a "moral enigma" because it is derived from "real evil, but can be used in the service of good".
The Royal College of Surgeons says the atlas is not in use in the UK, apart from being retained by libraries for historical purposes.
However a recent Neurosurgery survey of nerve surgeons found 59% were aware of Pernkopf's Atlas, with 13% currently using it.
Of those surveyed, 69% said they were comfortable using the atlas once they were made aware of its history, 15% were uncomfortable and 17% were undecided.
Dr Mackinnon says nothing else "even begins to compare" to the book's accuracy and detail, and it is particularly useful for complex surgeries because it helps her "figure out which of the many small nerves that course through our body are potentially causing the pain".
But she says she ensures everyone involved in the surgery is aware of the book's dark origins."
Cases of Lyme disease in the UK may be three times higher than previous estimates, according to new research.This is a serious disease that could cause paralysis, blindness, and even death. If not treated in time, it can cause crippling arthritis. Know the symptoms, carry a tick kit, and if you think you might have a 'summer flu' after a walk in long grass, mention the possibility of Lyme disease to your doctor.
After analysing the anonymous medical records of 8.4 million people from across the UK, scientists forecast that the total number of Lyme disease diagnoses in the UK could top 8,000 in 2019, compared with previous estimates of between 2,000 and 3,000 annual diagnoses.
Tickling the ear with a small electric current could rebalance the nervous system in over-55s and help them age more healthily, research suggests.#science #medicine #health
Stimulation of the vagus nerve, which connects to the heart, lungs and gut, led to improvements in body, sleep and mood, a small study found.
The University of Leeds team said the procedure could make a big difference to people's lives.
But more research is needed to work out the long-term health effects.
The tick-borne illness, which is on the rise, can have chronic side-effects. So why hasn’t more effort been put into a cure?Tick bites can cause all kind of symptoms from. headache to paralysis, blindness, and death. Now there's some hope for a cure for Lyme disease.
"When I started practicing medicine, I often checked thyroid blood tests. At that time, I ignored the patient's signs and symptoms if the lab tests were normal. Now, I am more convinced than ever that solely relying on the patient's blood tests without taking in to account the physical exam as well as the patient's history will result in a misdiagnosis for many patients." - David Brownstein, MD (thyroid specialist)
Note: Of course there are many life saving medications as well as agencies showing research and innovation resulting in greater treatment tools. That part of industry doesn't need to change but rather needs to grow.
Evidence that Parkinson’s disease may start off in the gut is mounting, according to new research showing proteins thought to play a key role in the disease can spread from the gastrointestinal tract to the brain.#science #health #medicine #Parkinsons
MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab has developed a new deep learning-based AI prediction model that can anticipate the development of breast cancer up to five years in advance. Researchers working on the product also recognized that other similar projects have often had inherent bias because they were based overwhelmingly on white patient populations, and specifically designed their own model so that it is informed by “more equitable” data that ensures it’s “equally accurate for white and black women.”#health #medicine #AI #cancer #BreastCancer